Training is a necessity and not a luxury. Many big organisations spend huge amounts on training. It is a process of increasing the knowledge and skills of an employee for doing a particular job.
Now, lets see a brief distinction between ‘Training’ in the organisation and ‘Education’ at the school/institutional level. Education is generally theoretical whereas training is applied and practical, Education means learning all-around whereas training is learning related to the job and most importantly education is generally broader in nature whereas training is job-related so narrower in nature.
Analysis of the job and its various conditions will indicate the skills and training required to perform the job and there are a few kinds of training programs available for the organisation through which they can select the best for there employees.
1) Induction or orientation Training-
Induction is concerned with the problem of introducing the new employee to the organisation, its policies, etc. The induction is generally informal in case of small firms. When the newly employed person joins the organisation, it is necessary that he should get acquainted with the work environment and give him a general idea about the rules and regulations, working conditions etc.of the organisation.
2) Apprenticeship training
Under this, the trainee is placed under the supervision of an experienced person who teaches him the necessary skills to be applied in the job and observes his performance. The advantage of Apprenticeship training to the ‘trainees’ is that they receive ‘stipend’ while learning and also acquire a valuable skill which commands a good wage in the labour market. Under this type, the trainees not only acquire skills for the single job but for many types of related jobs.
3) Internship training-
This type of training has become quite popular these days. In this, the training is meant for such vocations where advance theoretical knowledge is to be backed up by the practical experience on the job. The period of training varies from six months to two years. For instance, medical students are sent to big hospitals to gain practical knowledge.
4) Refresher training-
It is meant for the old or the existing employees of an organisation. The basic purpose of ‘Refresher training’ is to acquaint the existing workforce with the latest methods of performing their jobs efficiently. The skills with the existing employees become obsolete because of technological changes and also because of the tendency of human beings to forget.
There are many other training programs available to the organisation through which the organisation can remove there deficiencies, support them in the battle of obsolescense and so can make them fit for their jobs !