There has been a growing interest in Supply Chain Management (SCM) since 1990s. Many unique definitions of SCM have since been published in articles and books; therefore, these can be explained in three main phases. First of all Activities, then Benefits; and finally Constituents and/or Components. Each theme may be further divided into sub-themes. Activities include Flows (i.e. Material and Information) and internal and external Networks of Relationships. Thus it may be benefited by improving the efficiency and satisfaction of the customers that leads to new way of coustimization.
Supply Chain Management (SCM) is used as a tool for sharing material, information and financial information within the collaborated network that is to meet customer needs and as a result, enhance the entire supply chain involved.
A supply chain can be described as a series of organizations that may be involved in different processes and activities to produce products and services for ultimate customers, both upstream and downstream. A supply chain, however, is made up of a number of companies including suppliers, distributions and the end-customers.
There are certain objectives to achieve in a supply chain management. Providing good quality service, satisfying need and increasing competitiveness are a number of these objectives. Through this process aim is to lower the costs and resources involved in the creation of products as well as improve efficiency and effectiveness. SCM also focuses on reducing inventory levels and respective costs, increasing profits and improving cooperation.
Data imparting means disseminating valuable data for frameworks, individuals or authoritative units. To upgrade the chance of data offering, associations ought to answer four principle questions: First we request that what offer, then whom to impart it to, then how to impart, lastly when to impart. The nature of answers will help to dodge repetition, decrease offering expenses and enhance reactions. The term ‘Data Sharing’ can likewise be alluded to as ‘Learning Sharing’ or ‘Data Integration’. There exists a heap of data in a production network, for example, logistic, business, vital, strategic and numerous more.