The UN Secretary- General, Mr.Ban Ki-moon, warned in a message that climate change might aggravate water stress and scarcity in the world. Mr.Ban Ki-moon said that all efforts to provide universal access to water and energy would be undermined, if the current global warming trends continued. the UN Secretary-General appealed to the international community to “pledge to develop the policies needed to ensure that sustainable water and energy are secured for the many and not just the few’.
The UN is focusing attention on the water-energy nexus, particularly addressing inequities, especially for the “bottom billions” who live in slumps and impoverished rural areas and survive without access to safe drinking water, adequate sanitation, sufficient food and energy services. Mr.Ban pointed out in his message that climatic change was greatly driven by the unsustainable use of the energy.
Mr. Yuri Fedorov, the director of Vienna based UN office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), stated that corruption prevents fair access to water for all. Mr. fedorov said in his message that water must be allocated equitably and not for benefit for all. this means that governments , the private sector, civil society and the public should work together to eradicate the corruption than can prevent fair access to water for everyone.
In support of global efforts to combat corruption, the UNODC and the UN Development programme (UNDP ) have launched a campaign,”Zero corruption, 100% development”, to also raise awareness on this issue, the UN said in this statement. According to the UN report, 1.3 billion people can not access electricity in the world, 768 million people lack access to improved water sources and 2.5 billion people have no improved sanitation.Water and energy have crucial impacts on poverty alleviation.