Newspapers has been defined as any printed material that contains news for the public. Every newspaper tries to establish its identity and win the loyality of its readers through the presentation of its material in the shape of stories , cartoons, pictures and words. Almost every newspaper lives on criticism and exposure of those who abuse their authority and resort to corruption in various ways.
It is through the newspapers , the policies and actions of the government are conveyed to the people and in turn people give opinion or criticise them. In this way , newspapers are a chain of action and reaction. In a democracy , the role of press is of great importance as it makes the public aware about important political issues.
They play a positive and constructive role. Certain newspapers indulge in sub standard journalism and exploit vulnerable people. Instead of harmony and concord , they create disharmony and discord. The newspapers have a noble mission of enlightening people , brodening their views and discouraging communal trends. In reality, the newspaper is the watchdog of human rights, whom we call the fourth estate in the age of democracy.It is the pioneer of the underdog and the downtrodden.
It is one of the strongest pillars of a free nation. If we analyse the word ” news” we get N.E.W and S here ‘N’ stands for North, ‘E’ stands for East, ‘W’ stands for the West, ‘S’ stands for the south. In this way , the newspaper covers all the important events and the incidents happening around the four directions of the world.