Like fire, stream or electricity, nuclear energy is also a source of power. But the use of this powerful energy depends upon man, whether to use it constructively or destructively. Over the years, scientists and researchers have been toiling hard to make this energy useful in agriculture, industry, and transport etc., with the aim of revamping an entirely new world.
Since the world has already begun to feel the shortage of coal, petrol, and other sources of fuel, the concept of nuclear energy has very much started to frame its roots into the picture. Presently, there are about 400 operating nuclear power reactors in the world and that number is likely to cross 500 by 2030. As of 2013, India had 21 nuclear reactors generating about 5000MW of power.
Electric power from nuclear energy has indubitable advantages from running machines and industries, increasing production manifold, lowering of prices to achieving a higher standard of living. Not a surprise then, that India has chosen to go the nuclear power way, big time – but there are some risks too. Nuclear disasters are messy disasters – their impact stays for a long time. As to remind, the tsunami that hit Japan on 11th March 2011, struck the Fukushima Daiich nuclear power plant with three of its six nuclear reactors underwent meltdown and leakage of radioactive isotopes, thus creating a havoc with its effect everywhere, on and below the ground, in water and in air.
Although the use of nuclear power has galvanised since our Prime Minister has signed the nuclear deal with the US, with the aim of providing a reliable 24 hours a day, 365 days a year base load electricity, the bottom line is; at the end of the day, nuclear disasters can happen. Thus India must remain vigilant and prepared, always .