Table of Content
 

 

Khadi Vis -A –Vis textile

  • NATURAL FIBRES USED IN KHADI INDUSTRIES
  • Cotton
  • Jute
  • Flax
  • COIR
  • Silk 
  • Woolen
  • KHADI ABRIC PRODUCTION
  • Fabric weaving

Yarn

  • BRIEF ON KHADI YARN PRODUCTION 
  • Hand picking
  • Ginning
  • Opening and cleaning
  • Carding
  • Combing
  • Combing and drawing
  • Spinning
  • Hand spinning
  • Semi mechanized charka
  • Yarn
  • Quality of a good yarn
  • Types of yarn faults
  • Hairiness
  • Thick places
  • Thin places
  • Neppy
  • Yarn
  • COUNT OF YARN
  • Direct systems 
  • Indirect system
  • English yarn count system
  • Indirect system
  • IMPORTANCE OF TWIST IN YARN
  • Effect of twist on staple yarn properties
  • Types of yarn twist
  • Napping twist
  • Average twist
  • Voile twist
  • Crape twist

Sizing process

  • Sizing
  • YARN SIZING AND SIZING PROCESS
  • Hank sizing process
  • Size
  • YARN SIZING AND SIZING PROCESS
  • Hank sizing process
  • Size solution preparation
  • Yarn sizing
  • Street sizing process
  • MATERIALS USED IN SIZE SOLUTION
  • Adhesives
  • Additives
  • The mostimportant factors in choosing size ingredients are
  • Lubricants or softeners
  • Tallow
  • Soap
  • Japan wax

Yarn winding

  • Types of yarn used used in khadi
  • COUNT RANG OF KHADHI
  • CHARTERISTICS OF KHADI YARN
  • HANK WINDING (REEING)

WREP PREPARATION

  • WARP MAKING
  • Definition
  • Objective of warping
  • Construction of warping machine
  • Important requirement of warping process
  • Classification of warping process
  • Ball warping
  • Mill warping
  • Sectional warping
  • Beam warping
  • Winding Yarn in the flanged bobbin

Sectional Warping Process

  • VARPING-USING SECTIONAL WARPING MACHINE
  • SECTIONAL WARPING:
  • Sizing
  • DRAWING IN DENTING:
  • Gaiting up
  • WARP BEAM PREARATION

Pirn Winding Process

  • PIRN WINDING PROCESS
  • CREEL
  • PIRN HOLDERS
  • BROKEN THREAD STOP MOTION
  • TENSION DEVICES
  • TRAVERSE MOTION AND LAYER LOCKING DEVICE
  • BUNCH BUILDING MACHANISM
  • DIAMETER CONTROLLER
  • FULL PIRN STOP MOTION
  • DRIVING ARRANGEMENT

Process of Weaving Plain Weave

  • LOOM
  • Sequence of Weaving Preparatory Process
  • WEFT PREPARATION OR WEFT WINDING
  • WARPING
  • SECTINAL WARPING
  • SIZING
  • DRAWINGIN DENTING
  • Gaiting up
  • The primary motions motions of weaving are the following;-
  • The secondary motions are the following:-
  • WORKING OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF PRIMARY, SECONDARY AND
  • AUXILARY
  • Loom timings
  • ELEMENTRY WEAVES AND WEAVING THE SAME WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF YARNS FOR VARIOUS END USES
  • Plain weave
  • Characteristic of Plain Weave
  • Fabrics with plain Weave
  • Twill weave
  • Characteristics of Twill Weave
  • Fabrics with Plain Weave
  • Twill Weave
  • Characteristics of Twill Weave
  • Fabrics with Twill Weave
  • Satin weave
  • Characteristics of Satin Weave
  • Fabrics with Satin Weave
  • DEVELOPMENT OF DESIGNS ON POINT PAPER
  • Designation of point paper
  • Similarly
  • Repeat
  • Design
  • Draft
  • IMPORTANCE OF 5 WHEEL TAKE-UP MOTION
  • Straight draft
  • Pointed draft
  • PLAIN WEAVE
  • TWILL WEAVE
  • Extra warp and extra weft weaving
  • Extra warp
  • Extra weft
  • Knowledge of Jala, Dobby and jacquardweaving   
  • Jacquard weaves
  • Characteristics of Jacquard Weave
  • Fabrics with jacquard weave
  • Uses of Jacquard weave
  • Dobby weave
  • Fabrics with Dobby weave
  • Uses of dobby weave
  • Weaving calculation including cost of the fabrics
  • Communication skills, Discipline, Morality, Attitude,etc
  • DON”T”S
  • Safety precautions
  • Ergonomics of plying of frame looms, semiautomatic looms
Counting Ends And Picks
  • Counting ends and picks, mending defects
  • Counting ends and picks in the fabric
  • Mending defects in the fabric

Defects in khadi cloth

  • Missing ends
  • Float
  • Weft crack or less pick
  • Crammed pick (Patti)
  • Shuttle smash
  • Temple marks
  • Stains
  • Lashing in
  • Hole in cloth
  • Care to be take while weaving

Apply for Certification

https://www.vskills.in/certification/Vskills-Certified-Cotton-Weaver