Human Resource Management: Nature
Human Resource Management is a process of bringing people and organizations together so that the goals of each are met. The various features of HRM include
- It is pervasive in nature as it is present in all enterprises.
- Its focus is on results rather than on rules.
- It tries to help employees develop their potential fully.
- It encourages employees to give their best to the organization.
- It is all about people at work, both as individuals and groups.
- It tries to put people on assigned jobs in order to produce good results.
- It helps an organization meet its goals in the future by providing for competent and well-motivated employees.
- It tries to build and maintain cordial relations between people working at various levels in the organization.
- It is a multidisciplinary activity, utilizing knowledge and inputs drawn from psychology, economics, etc.
Human Resource Management: Scope
- Personnel aspect-This is concerned with manpower planning, recruitment, selection, placement, transfer, promotion, training and development, layoff and retrenchment, remuneration, incentives, productivity etc.
- Welfare aspect-It deals with working conditions and amenities such as canteens, creches, rest and lunch rooms, housing, transport, medical assistance, education, health and safety, recreation facilities, etc.
- Industrial relations aspect-This covers union-management relations, joint consultation, collective bargaining, grievance and disciplinary procedures, settlement of disputes, etc.
Human Resource Management: Beliefs
- Human resource is the most important asset in the organization and can be developed and increased to an unlimited extent.
- A healthy climate with values of openness, enthusiasm, trust, mutuality and collaboration is essential for developing human resource.
- HRM can be planned and monitored in ways that are beneficial both to the individuals and the organization.
- Employees feel committed to their work and the organization, if the organization perpetuates a feeling of belongingness.
- Employees feel highly motivated if the organization provides for satisfaction of their basic and higher level needs.
- Employee commitment is increased with the opportunity to discover and use one's capabilities and potential in one's work.
- It is every manager's responsibility to ensure the development and utilisation of the capabilities of subordinates.
Human Resource Management: Objectives
- To help the organization reach its goals.
- To ensure effective utilization and maximum development of human resources.
- To ensure respect for human beings. To identify and satisfy the needs of individuals.
- To ensure reconciliation of individual goals with those of the organization.
- To achieve and maintain high morale among employees.
- To provide the organization with well-trained and well-motivated employees.
- To increase to the fullest the employee's job satisfaction and self-actualization.
- To develop and maintain a quality of work life.
- To be ethically and socially responsive to the needs of society.
- To develop overall personality of each employee in its multidimensional aspect.
- To enhance employee's capabilities to perform the present job.
- To equip the employees with precision and clarity in transaction of business.
- To inculcate the sense of team spirit, team work and inter-team collaboration.
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