Labour Law Table of Contents

Table of Content


  • Important Definitions
  • Statutory Agencies And Their Powers For Enforcement Of The Act
  • Approval, Licensing And Registration Of Factories
  • Notice By Occupier
  • General Duties Of The Occupier
  • General Duties Of Manufacturers Etc.
  • Measures To Be Taken By Factories For Health, Safety And Welfare Of Workers
  • Special Provisions Relating To Hazardous Processes
  • Working Hours Of Adults
  • Additional Provisions Regulating Employment Of Women In A Factory
  • Employment of Young Persons and Children
  • Annual Leave With Wages
  • Penalties And Procedures
  • Amendments in Factories Act, 1948

Minimum Wages Act, 1948

  • Important Definitions
  • Fixation Of Minimum Rates Of Wages [Section 3(1)(A)]
  • Revision Of Minimum Wages
  • Manner Of Fixation/Revision Of Minimum Wages
  • Procedure For Fixing And Revising Minimum Wages (Section 5)
  • Advisory Board
  • Central Advisory Board
  • Minimum Wage – Whether To Be Paid In Cash Or Kind
  • Payment Of Minimum Wages Is Obligatory On Employer (Section 12)
  • Fixing Hours For A Normal Working Day (Section 13))
  • Payment Of Overtime (Section 14)
  • Wages Of A Worker Who Works Less Than Normal Working Day (Section 15)
  • Minimum Time – Rate Wages For Piece Work (Section 17)
  • Maintenance Of Registers And Records (Section 18)
  • Authority And Claims (Section 20-21)
  • Offences And Penalties
  • Amendments to Minimum Wages

Payment Of Wages Act, 1936

Equal Remuneration Act, 1976

  • Act to have overriding effect
  • Duty of employer to pay equal remuneration to men and women workers for same work or work of a similar nature
  • Discrimination not to be made while recruiting men and women
  • Authorities for hearing and deciding claims and complaints
  • Maintenance of Registers
  • Amendments to Equal Remuneration Act

Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948

  • Introduction
  • Important Definitions
  • Registration Of Factories And Establishments Under This Act
  • Employees’ State Insurance
  • Administration Of Employees’ State Insurance Scheme
  • Employees’ State Insurance Corporation
  • Wings of the corporation
  • Employees’ State Insurance Fund
  • Employees’ Insurance Court (E.I. Court)
  • ESI (Central) Amendment Rules, 2017

Employees’ Provident Funds And Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952

  • Introduction
  • Application of The Act
  • Important Definitions
  • Schemes Under The Act
  • Determination Of Moneys Due From Employers
  • Employer Not To Reduce Wages
  • Transfer Of Accounts
  • Protection Against Attachment
  • Power To Exempt
  • Amendments to the Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952

Payment Of Bonus Act, 1965

  • Object and Scope of the Act
  • Application of The Act
  • Act Not to Apply to Certain Classes of Employees
  • Calculation Of Amount Payable As Bonus
  • Eligibility For Bonus And Its Payment
  • Bonus Linked With Production Or Productivity
  • Power Of Exemption
  • Penalties
  • Offences By Companies
  • Compliances Under The Act
  • Amendments to the Payment of Bonus Act

Payment Of Gratuity Act, 1972

  • Introduction
  • Application Of The Act
  • Who Is An Employee?
  • Other Important Definitions
  • When Is Gratuity Payable?
  • To Whom Is Gratuity Payable?
  • The Controlling Authority and the Appellate Authority
  • Rights And Obligations Of Employees
  • Rights And Obligations Of The Employer
  • Amendment to the Payment of Gratuity Act

Employees’ Compensation Act, 1923

  • Object And Scope
  • Definitions
  • Disablement
  • Employer’s Liability for Compensation
  • Employer’s Liability When Contractor Is Engaged
  • Compensation
  • Obligations And Responsibility Of An Employer
  • Notice And Claim
  • Medical Examination
  • Procedure In The Proceedings Before The Commissioner
  • Appeals
  • Penalties
  • Special Provisions Relating To Masters And Seamen
  • Special Provisions Relating To Captains And Other Members Of Crew Of Aircrafts
  • Special Provisions Relating To Employees Aboard Of Companies And Motor Vehicles
  • Amendments to the Employee's Compensation Act, 1923

Contract Labour (Regulation And Abolition) Act, 1970

  • Scope And Application
  • Act Not to Apply to Certain Establishments
  • Important Definitions
  • The Advisory Boards
  • Registration Of Establishments Employing Contract Labour
  • Effect Of Non-Registration
  • Appointment Of Licensing Officer And Licensing Of Contractors
  • Welfare And Health Of Contact Labour
  • Rules Framed Under The Act By The Central Government On The Question Of Wages
  • Penalties and Procedure
  • Inspectors
  • Maintenance Of Records & Registers
  • The Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Central (Amendment) Rules, 2017

Maternity Benefit Act, 1961

  • Introduction
  • Employment of or work by women prohibited during certain periods
  • Right to payment of maternity benefits
  • Notice of claim for maternity benefit
  • Nursing breaks
  • Abstract of Act and rules there under to be exhibited
  • Registers
  • Penalty for contravention of Act by employer
  • Maternity Benefits Act, 2017 Amendments
  • Paternity Benefit Bill, 2017

The Child Labour (Prohibition And Regulation) Act, 1986

  • Prohibition of employment of children in certain occupations and processes

The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946

  • Important Definitions
  • Certification Of Draft Standing Orders
  • Date of Operation of Standing Orders
  • Posting of Standing Orders
  • Duration and Modification of Standing Orders
  • Payment of Subsistence Allowance
  • Interpretation of Standing Orders
  • Temporary application of Model Standing Orders
  • Amendments to Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946

Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

  • Introduction
  • Object and Significance of The Act
  • Important Definitions
  • Types Of Strike And Their Legality
  • Legality Of Strike
  • Dismissal Etc. Of An Individual Workman To Be Deemed To Be An Industrial Dispute
  • Authorities Under The Act And Their Duties
  • Reference Of Disputes
  • Voluntary Reference Of Disputes To arbitration
  • Strikes and Lock-Outs
  • Justified And Unjustified Strikes
  • Wages For Strike Period
  • Dismissal Of Workmen And Illegal Strike
  • Justification Of Lock-Out And Wages For Lock-Out Period
  • Change In Conditions Of Service
  • Unfair Labour Practices
  • Penalties
  • Amednments to the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

The Trade Union Act, 1926

  • Introduction
  • Mode of registration
  • Application for registration
  • Provisions contained in the rules of a Trade Union
  • Certificate of Registration
  • Incorporation of registered Trade Union
  • Cancellation of registration
  • Amendments to Trade Union Act, 1926

The Labour Laws (Exemption From Furnishing Returns And Maintaining Register By Certain Establishments) Act, 1988

  • Definitions
  • Exemption from returns and registers required under certain labour laws
  • Penalty
  • Amendments to the Act

Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification Of Vacancies) Act, 1959

  • Definition
  • Act not to apply in relation to certain vacancies
  • Notification of vacancies to employment exchanges
  • Employers to furnish information and returns in prescribed form
  • Amendments to the Act

Apprentices Act, 1961

  • Definitions
  • Qualification For Being Engaged As An Apprentice
  • Contract of apprenticeship
  • Obligations of employers
  • Obligations of apprentices
  • Apprentices are trainees and not workers
  • Records and Returns
  • Payment to apprentices
  • Hours of work, overtime, leave and holidays
  • Conduct and discipline
  • Settlement of disputes
  • Authorities under the Act
  • Offences and penalties
  • Offences by companies
  • Amendments in Apprentice Act

Audit Under Labour Legislations

  • Introduction
  • Scope Of Labour Audit
  • Methodology Of Conduct Of Labour Audit
  • Benefits Of Labour Audit

Employees Provident Fund

  • Employees Provident Fund (EPF) Basics
  • EPF Features
  • EPF Forms
  • UAN
  • EPF Calculation and example
  • Online EPF Submission
  • EPFO Claim Status
  • EPF Amendments


  • ESI Basics
  • ESI Registration for Organization
  • ESI and Wages
  • ESI Contribution
  • Online ESI Contribution Submission
  • ESI Amendments

Labour Codes

  • Code on Wages, 2019
  • Code on Industrial Relations, 2020
  • Code on Social Security, 2020
  • Code on Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions, 2020
  • Implementation of Labour Codes

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