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1. What are the 3 distinct functional bodies of government?
A. The police, the executive and the judiciary
B. The armed forces, the executive and the judiciary
C. The Civil Service, the executive and the judiciary
D. The legislature, the executive and the judiciary
2. What is meant by ‘judicial independence’?
A. The right of the legal system to operate independently from the general control of the State
B. Judges being able to decide any case independently of any previous decisions of the courts
C. Judges being able to choose which cases they hear
D. Judges’ rights to make whatever law they choose
3. What is the Rule of Law?
A. It means that the law must be made up of rules
B. It does not have a precise meaning — it is more of a symbolic ideal
C. It is an absolute rule that must be followed
D. It is a rule made up by Parliament
4. What does the Human Rights Act 1998 actually do, in terms of English Law?
A. Nothing: it leaves the law fundamentally unchanged
B. It incorporates the European Convention on Human Rights into English Law
C. It changes the English legal system to a civil law system, in line with European countries
D. It introduces additional rights to the European Convention on Human Rights
5. Which of the following statements about the Human Rights Act 1998 is correct?
A. All of the rights contained in the Act are inalienable and cannot be interfered with by the State
B. None of the rights contained in the Act are inalienable and all of them can be interfered with by the State
C. Some of the rights contained in the Act are inalienable and some can be interfered with by the State
D. The Human Rights Act 1998 does not apply in the UK courts
Answers: 1 (D), 2 (A), 3 (B), 4 (B), 5 (C)
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