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Batch files are files that have an extension ending in .bat. They are simply scripts that contain command prompt commands that will be executed in the order they are listed. To create a batch file, just make a file that ends in .bat, such as test.bat, and inside the file have the commands you would like. Each command should be on its own line and in the order you would like them to execute.
Below is example batch file. It has no real use but will give you an example of how a batch files works. This test batch file contains the following lines of text:
In DOS, OS/2, and also Microsoft Windows, batch file is the name given to a type of script file, a text file containing a series of commands to be executed by the command interpreter.
The commands may be built into the command processor (COPY), supplied with the operating system but not built into it (XCOPY invokes the Microsoft DOS program XCOPY.EXE), or may be any program (cp invokes the program cp.exe if present, an .EXE port of the Unix cp command, with essentially the same functionality as XCOPY.EXE).
Similar to job control language and other systems on mainframe and minicomputer systems, batch files were added to ease the work required for certain regular tasks by allowing the user to set up a script to automate them. When a batch file is run, the shell program (usually COMMAND.COM or cmd.exe) reads the file and executes its commands, normally line-by-line. Unix-like operating systems (such as Linux) have a similar type of file called a shell script.
The filename extension .bat was used in DOS, and the Windows 9x family of operating systems. The Microsoft Windows NT-family of operating systems and OS/2 added .cmd. Batch files for other environments may have different extensions, e.g. .btm in 4DOS and 4NT related shells.
Batch file commands are -
Call one batch program from another•
Accept keyboard input to a batch file
Copy STDIN to the Windows clipboard
Clear the screen•
Start a new shell
Change colors of the CMD window•
Edit command line, recall commands, and create macros
Display message on screen•
End localisation of environment changes in a batch file•
Add a message to the Windows event log
Quit the current script/routine and set an errorlevel•
/F Loop command: against a set of files•
/F Loop command: against the results of another command•
Loopcommand: all options Files, Directory, List•
Direct a batch program to jump to a labelled line•
Conditionally perform a command•
Is the current user a member of a Workgroup
Write text to the event viewer
Log the date and time in a file
Send email from the command line
Display output, one screen at a time
Suspend processing of a batch file and display a message•
Change the command prompt•
Record comments (remarks) in a batch file•
Start | commands
Execute a program under a different user account
Display, set, or remove session environment variables•
Control the visibility of environment variables•
Set environment variables
Shift the position of batch file parameters•
Wait for x seconds
Start a program, command or batch file•
Delay processing of a batch file
Set the window title for a CMD.EXE session•
Wait for or send a signal
Comment / Remark•