It is essential to know about the training methods for the employees:
- Induction training in money laundering prevention, recognition, and reporting of suspicions, and the KYC requirement should be given to relevant staff at the start of their employment in that role.
- Relevant staff members are those who handle or are managerially responsible for handling transactions, which may involve money laundering.
- On-going training/ information must then be given to relevant staff at appropriate intervals to keep them abreast with developments in the area of AML.
Banks need to take appropriate measures so that relevant employees are aware of,
- Policies and procedures put in place to prevent money laundering.
- The legal requirements contained in the PMLA and the rules and regulations framed thereunder.
- KYC/ AML guidelines issued by the RBI from time to time.
Banks are required to take reasonable steps to ensure that staffs who handle or are responsible for the handling of transactions which may involve money laundering are aware of,
- The potential effect on the bank, on its employees, and its customers, of any breach of law.
- The identity and responsibilities of the PO.
- Findings on countries with a poor record in their anti-money laundering legislation/ regulations and their implementation (e.g. FATF notified list of NCCT).
- Their responsibilities under the Bank’s arrangements for money-laundering prevention including those for obtaining sufficient evidence of identity, recognizing and reporting knowledge or suspicion of money laundering activity.
- All relevant staff should be made aware of the importance of the KYC requirements for money-laundering prevention purposes.
The creation of awareness and training of staff in this respect should cover,
- The need to know the true identity of the customer.
- Where a business relationship is being established, the need to know enough about the nature of business activities expected in relation to that customer.
- At the outset to know what might constitute suspicious activity at a future date and the circumstances that would give rise to reasonable grounds for suspicion.
Records of training
- It is the responsibility of senior management to ensure that their staff members have taken appropriate training and records are properly maintained.
- To this effect, any system report or manual (attendance) records can be maintained, which should be available for review by the RBI or other regulatory bodies.
- It is important that training for relevant staff is made mandatory and that, in addition to the records of staff training, the Bank is required to maintain a record of the date and nature of the training received.