Windows has many command-line tools to troubleshoot any network problem.
Ipconfig – Internet protocol configuration or ipconfig displays TCP/IP network configuration values. ‘/all’ switch show all information.
Ping – It tests physical connectivity of a PC on network by its IP address or Domain name. like ping 192.168.1.1 Notice replies tell if PC is reachable (by giving time in round trip) or not (by ‘Request Timed Out’ or ‘Destination Host Unreachable’ message). Longer latency time indicate network congestion.
Tracert – It is short for trace route and shows the IP address of all devices in between encountered in reaching the destination IP address.
Netstat – It shows network statistics showing sessions between host PC and remote PC.
Net – It is a collection of commands. The net view command shows PCs available on network or the net send command to send messages to other PCs. It can view or create mapped network drives also so, for viewing type net use and to create give the command
net use x: \\computername\sharename
x: is drive letter. Computer name is the name of remote PC to connect to, and sharename is share that was created on that remote host.