Production

Here are the top interview questions on Production Management, the questions are submitted by professionals to help you to ace the job interview.

Q.1 Explain the term BOM?
BOM stands for Bill Of Materials; it is a list of item or parts that makeup a product assembly. For example, a lawn mower requires a handle assembly, metal deck assembly, a control assembly, motor and blade assembly.
Q.2 Differentiate between lean manufacturing and JIT (Just-in-Time) Manufacturing.
Lean Manufacturing takes its concept from JIT and thereby re-examines it from the customers view point. Lean manufacturing is based on the concept that anything that is produced must add value to the customer’s requirement. For instance when we are making stereo system for a luxury car, then we will think from the customer point of view like sound quality, durability, space occupancy, loud or medium sound, etc.

On the other hand Just-in-Time (JIT) is a methodology that has been designed to ensure that a product or part would arrive just in time to be used. JIT is a technique that saves the cost behind the unused inventory, and thereby eliminating the need of keeping piles of inventory.
Q.3 What do you understand by QMS?
QMS is abbreviated as Quality Management System that documents all necessary information about company’s design and operational controls, that includes issue reporting, monitoring, continuous improvement and training, to ensure that organization delivers continuous product.
Q.4 According to you, what is the challenge in manufacturing products?
The primary challenge in manufacturing products is to develop better production processes, ensuring the right material and component supplies at minimum cost, decrease production time, eliminate wastage and maintain quality in the final product.
Q.5 What do you understand by batch production?
Batch production refers to the process of manufacturing techniques, such that the components or goods are produced in groups and not in a continuous stream. Batch Production is a methodology that is primarily used when similar items are produced together.
Q.6 What steps are taken to supervise in a manufacturing unit?
The process of Supervising a manufacturing process includes attending to the individual phases of the production. Such that the manufacturing supervisor must have a close eye on the inventory that going to be used. Some of the steps used in the process of manufacturing supervision are -
Step 1: Must keep the records of different phases of manufacturing and analyse whether the amount of product produced by the crew is enough to meet the demand
Step 2: You must seek to identify the bottlenecks in the unit and see how you can eliminate it Step 3: Must keep the track of inventory and try to reduce the liquid capital used after unused material Step 4: Must examine the final goods to determine whether they meet the company’s quality standards.
Q.7 What do you understand by RMA?
RMA is abbreviated for Return Material Authorization; RMA is a financial and work order tracking system that is being used to determine a returned item’s origination. It is generally used in a transaction where a customer returns goods to the manufacturer for replacement or repair purpose.
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