Engineering Design

Most common questions and answers used to hire Engineering Design Professionals. We’ve compiled a list of the most common and frequently asked interview questions in Engineering Design. If you want to ace your job interview, then checkout these Interview Questions.

Q.1 How you will manage the data related to engineering design management?
Managing data and metrics for engineering design management is a crucial task as the data related to design needs to be secured. It involves storing and processing data as per security requirement. Access to engineering design is provided as per the role of the employee. Also, data is monitored across the company for sensitive information.
Q.2 What has been your experience with IoT products and automation in engineering design?
IoT expands to Internet of Things and it refers to applying computing devices which can connect to a network for data gathering, analysis and decision making. They have revolutionized engineering design as it provides quick input from production line which can be easily incorporated in the design of the product. Automation has also reduced many repetitive tasks in engineering design management.
Q.3 What are current engineering design technologies you dealt with?
Yes, I am having experience with various recent engineering design technologies which includes softwares like Autodesk Product Design Suite, MATLAB, CATIA, ZW3D, MechDesigner and Solid Edge.
Q.4 What do you think of most important role of an engineering design manager?
As an engineering design manager my focus is to provide the design for new products which correctly addresses the needs of the customer with least cost towards production by using newer technologies and optimization. Adopting engineering design technologies which are more efficient and effective for the product. Reducing costs without losing on quality or speed of production is the primary motto.
Q.5 How do you see yourself in next five year in engineering design?
I foresee a bright future as I will be enhancing my skills and knowledge in the domain of engineering design by adding new technologies as needed by my organization for being competitive after considering their feasibility.
Q.6 What is the impact of engineering design on the goals of a company?
Engineering design has a profound impact and is a crucial function for the company in design and development of new products. The impact is both short term and long term. Engineering design fulfils the need of company for a feasible product which addresses customer needs. The long term impact is addition of efficiency and cost reduction with an effective engineering design approach and short term impact is of not stopping production due to issues with production of the product.
Q.7 How you manage subordinates in your engineering design team?
Supervising subordinates in my engineering design team is important for me as I focus on managing subordinate depending on their role in the team and skill level they have. I put all efforts to have a motivational environment for increased productivity and also the team should work as a single unit in providing engineering design services to the organization against the KPIs (key performance indicators).
Q.8 How you maintain discipline in your engineering design team?
Maintaining discipline in the engineering design team is a crucial element for a productive environment in the team. All team members are made aware of the applicable HR rules and regulatory laws for the same. In a disciplinary action, employee is updated in private to give them a chance to correct.
Q.9 What tasks are performed by an engineering design manager?
An engineering design is responsible for design and development of new products or optimizing the existing products so as to better address the customer’s requirement as well as maintain the quality levels in production with reduced cost towards maintenance and production of the product. An efficient and effective engineering design in the company achieves the organizational goals as per the specified KPIs (key performance indicators).
Q.10 How do you assign goals to your engineering design team?
Assignment of goals to the team includes analysing factors affecting the assignment like the availability of the resource. Also before assignment the SMART approach is used for goals definition and assignment.
Q.11 Why you are suitable as engineering design manager?
As an engineering design manager, I am having extensive experience in present engineering design technologies along with requisite skills of communication, problem solving and coping under pressure which is of importance for engineering design role.
Q.12 Do you feel satisfied with your role as engineering design manager?
Yes, I feel satisfied as engineering design manager as I am able to provide my services for developing an effective and efficient product for the company’s long term growth and also able to manage the present designs in the organization, efficiently and effectively.
Q.13 How you keep yourself updated of new trends in engineering design?
Engineering design is witnessing new development every year especially automation and robotics have had a huge impact. I update myself by attending industry seminars, conferences from market leaders like Autodesk, CATIA, etc as available online or offline.
Q.14 What is your greatest work-related accomplishment in engineering design?
My greatest work-related accomplishment in engineering design has been the automation of design initial verification by using RPAs or robotic process automation and it was completed within the time and budget constraints.
Q.15 What are your strengths as an engineering design manager?
As an engineering design manager I am having extensive experience on the upcoming engineering design technologies like AI, RPA, automation, etc as well as manage the present engineering design technologies. I also have the requisite managerial skills for engineering design.
Q.16 How you manage conflict in your engineering design team?
Team management is of importance for the manager so as to provide outputs as per KPI. Conflicts arise due to disagreements. Conflict can be managed by identifying the cause for the same. Then, as per the situation specific conflict management technique is used like collaborating, forcing, accommodating or compromising.
Q.17 What will you do for under performance by your subordinates in your engineering design team?
Under performance by engineering design team member can be due to some specific reasons which are identified first. Usually subordinates are not well experienced hence; their feedback is also used to arrive at correct resolution of underperformance.
Q.18 How do you prioritize engineering design related tasks?
Engineering design has multiple tasks to be performed on a daily basis. Tasks are prioritized on the basis of, the tasks relevance, urgency, cost involved and resource availability.
Q.19 How you delegate tasks to subordinates in your engineering design team?
Delegation of tasks in an engineering design team accomplished as per their skill level, availability and past performance.
Q.20 How do you organize information and paper work involved in engineering design?
Engineering design involves lots of information in paper mode like drawings, approval, etc. We mostly use electronic data to minimize paper work. Proper document organization helps organize information related to engineering design.
Q.21 How you manage your time for various engineering design tasks?
I apply time management techniques which are using to do lists, being aware of time wasters and optimizing my work environment.
Q.22 Did you fail to achieve goals as engineering design manager?
Yes, there was an instance when I failed to achieve the defined goals as engineering design manager. I had planned for adding a new product design for more efficient production. All preparations were done for introduction of the product on production lines but, due to COVID-19 pandemic, lockdown was enforced which stalled the planned roll out. On lifting of the lockdown we launched it and company saved material and cost on producing the new design.
Q.23 What could be the reason for change management of an organization due to engineering design?
Engineering design involves introducing new design and technologies for increasing efficiency and be competitive. These tasks usually involve change management to be implemented. Hence, before any changes, planning and implementation of the change is undertaken involving all stakeholders.
Q.24 Why do you want to work as engineering design manager at this company?
Working as engineering design manager at this company offers me more many avenues of growth and enhance my engineering design manager skills. Your company has been in the domain of manufacturing heavy engineering goods and hence offers opportunities for future growth in engineering design role. Also considering my education, skills and experience I see myself, more apt for the post.
Q.25 Why do you want the engineering design manager job?
I want the engineering design manager job as I am passionate about making newer design which is more efficient and optimized with specific focus on meeting the needs of the customer.
Q.26 Explain secondary data
Secondary data refers to the data which is collected from primary sources earlier and is present for usage now. The secondary data usually includes government departments and organizational records
Q.27 Why engineering designs fail?
An engineering design can fail due to various reasons which may be wrong or overextended assumptions, incorrect or poor understanding of the problem and errors during design calculations
Q.28 List the first step to generate objective tree
An objective tree is used for solving problems by listing problems and then analyzing their resolution. The first step in the development of an objective tree is to make a list of design objectives.
Q.29 Illustrate Kano model
Kano model is a pictorial depiction which is used for showing the relationship between product development and customer satisfaction. It shows needs of the customer which is categorized in five sections as Must-have features, Performance Attributes , Attractive features, Indifferent Attributes and Reverse Attributes
Q.30 Explain DFM
DFM expands to Design For Manufacturing and refers to the process to optimize the design of the product or element for a low cost and quick production. DFM focuses on efficient assembly, making standards for the materials and components, eliminating parts as applicable and reducing manufacturing operations to achieve the objective of maintain the same function but with reduced cost and manufacture.
Q.31 What does Pareto Principle refers to
The Pareto principle also is widely called as the 80/20 rule and according to the Pareto principle, in a company 80 % of the outcomes are caused by only 20% of causes hence, can easily be controlled or addressed.
Q.32 Explain FMEA
FMEA expands to failure mode and effects analysis, is an analysis technique to predict failures in a process or product and, prioritize failures as per probability and impact.
Q.33 Describe VSM
VSM expands to Value Stream Mapping and it refers to a lean technique which is extensively used in implementing lean for depicting all of the steps which are present in a process so that those steps which contribute value to the process are highlighted as well as those steps which contribute waste is also highlighted for addressing them.
Q.34 What is takt time
Takt time refers to time involved in meeting the customer demand against production or the speed of product creation which is needed to fulfill the customer demand. Takt time can be computed by using the formula of dividing the available time for Production by the daily demand of the customer
Q.35 What is a Fishbone diagram
Fishbone diagram is a pictorial depiction of problem and solutions which address it. As the diagram is in the form of a fish hence, the name. The fishbone diagram lists the problem at the head of the fish and the various causes of the problem link into the spine of the fish. The fishbone diagram helps know the causes of a problem being faced.
Q.36 Define Poka-yoke
It is a Japanese term meaning, mistake proofing, and involves using automatic device or designing device to make it impossible for an error to occur or immediately obvious if it occurs. As an example, connecting a USB cable to a USB port is done in a single direction only and not other way around.
Q.37 What do you understand by balanced scorecard?
Balanced scorecard is a tool which is used for improving the strategic management performance of a company. It involves listing details in four perspectives of finance, customer, internal process and learning and growth which map present setup and future improvements, to finance, people, process, and innovation.
Q.38 List the value assigned for weak correlation in QFD
The value of 1 is usually assigned for weak correlation in QFD
Q.39 List the weighing scheme to be used for evaluation of each wish individually on a scale from 0 to 10 under the Pugh evaluation method
Evaluation of each wish individually on a scale from 0 to 10 under the Pugh evaluation method is done only by using the absolute weighing scheme
Q.40 List the value which is assigned in the event of medium correlation in a QFD
The value of 3 is usually assigned for medium correlation in QFD
Q.41 List the number of generated scores against every criterion, after comparing a concept with the datum under the Pugh evaluation method
Four is the number of score is generated against every criterion, after comparing a concept with the datum under the Pugh evaluation method
Q.42 What needs to be done if most concepts get the same score on a certain criterion, as per the Pugh evaluation method?
In the Pugh evaluation method if most concepts get the same score on a certain criterion then you need to develop more knowledge in the area of the criterion.
Q.43 List the count of values which are assigned against every identified failure mode in the FMEA based analysis
The n umber of values is 3 which are assigned against each failure mode identified under FMEA.
Q.44 FMEA uses what analysis approach type
Bottom up approach type is used by FMEA
Q.45 List the final value in a decision matrix, to which all criteria weightings add up to
The value of 100 should be the result of adding all criteria weightings in a decision matrix
Q.46 What denotes strong correlation amongst wish and engineering characteristic in house of quality?
The value of 9 is usually assigned for strong correlation between wish and engineering characteristic in house of quality
Q.47 List the number of maximum feasible alternatives in Pugh evaluation method, which can enter the final stage
Under the Pugh evaluation method the number of maximum feasible alternatives which are allowed to enter the final stage is 6.
Q.48 Calculate the RPN number for if the severity = 9, occurrence = 2 and detection = 1, in a FMEA with ratings
The RPN number is 18 as per the details.
Q.49 VOC information is collected by
Direct or indirect interview is used to collect VOC information
Q.50 List the drawing type which are developed in the conceptualization stage of the design process
Layout drawing is generated during the conceptualization stage of the design process
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