Process of a Mutual Fund

Process of a Mutual Fund

Mutual funds are investment vehicles that pool money from multiple investors and invest the collected funds in a diversified portfolio of securities, such as stocks, bonds, and other assets. The process of a mutual fund involves several steps, including fund creation, investment strategy, investment selection, and distribution of returns.

The first step in the process of a mutual fund is the creation of the fund itself. This involves selecting a suitable legal structure, such as a trust or a company, and registering it with the regulatory authorities. The fund manager then determines the investment strategy, which involves deciding on the asset allocation and risk management approach. This strategy is based on the fund’s objectives, which may vary depending on the type of fund, such as growth, income, or balanced funds. Once the investment strategy is in place, the fund manager selects the securities that will make up the fund’s portfolio. This involves conducting research and analysis to identify suitable investments based on the fund’s investment strategy and risk tolerance. The portfolio is then managed and monitored to ensure that it remains aligned with the fund’s objectives and performs well over time. The returns generated by the portfolio are then distributed to the investors in the form of dividends or capital gains. The process of a mutual fund is designed to ensure that investors can access professionally managed, diversified investment opportunities that offer potential returns that are commensurate with their risk tolerance.

An investor invests in the mutual fund scheme by depositing appropriate funds while other similar investors do the same hence creating a pool of funds. Proceeds from this investment go to the fund manager who, in turn, invests that money in the capital market. The fund has a strong technical team that analyzes and makes prudent financial decisions including purchase as well as redemption of funds. At each stage, the profit (or loss) generated out of financial activity is apportioned to each investor of mutual fund.

Process of a Mutual Fund


2.1 Setting Investment Goals

2.2 Parties involved in a Mutual Fund

2.3 Role of the AMC

2.4 Sources of Information

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Structure of Mutual Funds
Setting Investment Goals

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