Export: This term export derives from the conceptual meaning as to ship the goods and services out of the port of a country. The seller of such goods and services is referred to as an “exporter” who is based in the country of export whereas the overseas based buyer is referred to as an “importer”. In International Trade, “exports” refers to selling goods and services produced in the home country to other markets
Import: Import is derived from the conceptual meaning as the goods and services into the port of a country. The buyer of such goods and services is referred to an “importer” who is based in the country of import where the overseas based seller is referred to as an “exporter”. Thus an import is any good (e.g. a commodity) or service brought in from one country to another country in a legitimate fashion, typically for use in trade. It is a good that is brought in from another country for sale. Imported goods or services are provided to domestic consumers by foreign producers. An import in the receiving country is an export to the sending country.